You don’t need a prairie or large lot to attract and support pollinators. A meadow or informal, formal and even container gardens can bring in bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to help pollinate plants. It’s just a matter of selecting the right plants, adjusting your maintenance practices, and skipping the pesticides.
Preparing Your Garden
Create your garden by converting a few square feet of lawn, garden bed, or front yard into a pollinator-friendly garden. You may want to start by switching out part of an existing garden or container to more pollinator-friendly flowers.
First, outline the bed with a hose or rope. Then remove the sod, add compost as needed to improve drainage, and you’ll be ready to plant.
You can also simplify and dress up your efforts by using an easy-to-assemble raised garden kit like the Pollinator Garden Bed (gardeners.com). Its long-lasting cedar planks slide into aluminum corners to create a hexagonal bed. Get creative while increasing the garden’s size by adding additional sections to create a honeycomb or other interesting designs.
Once you’ve marked the outline of your raised bed, cut the grass short and cover with newspaper. Set your raised bed in place and fill with a quality planting mix. Mulch four to six inches surrounding the bed for ease of mowing and to eliminate the need to hand trim.
Choosing Your Flowers
Once your bed is prepared, you’re ready to plant. Include single daisy-like Black-eyed Susans, coneflowers, and asters that allow visiting insects to rest and warm when sipping on nectar or dining on pollen. Add a few tubular flowers for butterflies and hummingbirds. They both like bright colors and can be seen visiting salvias, penstemon, and nasturtiums. And don’t forget the bees that are attracted to bright white, yellow, blue, and ultraviolet colors. You’ll find them visiting these and other blossoms like catmint, sweet alyssum, and perennial geranium.
Include spring, summer, and fall bloomers to keep pollinators visiting and well-fed throughout the seasons. Include early spring perennials and bulbs to attract visitors in early spring as they search for much-needed food. Add fall flowers to help prepare them for winter or migration to their winter homes. In milder climates, add some pollinator-friendly flowers to support and attract pollinators wintering in their backyard.
Plant flowers in groups for greater design impact and to reduce the energy pollinators expend when gathering nectar and pollen from one flower to the next, but be sure to provide plants with enough space to reach their mature size. Temporarily fill in voids with annuals like salvia, single zinnias, and nicotiana that also attract pollinators.
Don’t let all the plant and design possibilities overwhelm you into inaction. Gardener’s Supply Company has plans for designing gardens to attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds plus tips on keeping them safe in your garden.
Maintaining Your Garden
To keep your garden healthy, make sure to mulch the soil with leaves annually. It suppresses weeds, conserves moisture, improves the soil, and provides homes for many beneficial insects.
Allow healthy plants and grasses to stand for winter. These provide homes for many beneficial insects which in turn create food for birds. Wait as long as possible to clean up your garden in spring. If needed, pile clippings out of the way to allow beneficial insects to escape these winter homes once temperatures warm. Then shred and compost the plant debris in summer.
As your gardens flourish, you will want to create more pollinator-friendly spaces. Your efforts will be rewarded with beautiful flowers, increased harvest, and the added color and motion these visitors provide.
For more great gardening tips, check out our Habitat section here.